My research focuses on puzzles at the intersection of international relations and international law.
My areas of interest include international law and legal processes, treaties, extraterritoriality, human rights, transnational non-state actors, international humanitarian law, migration, international dispute resolution, institutional design, post-conflict transitions, and judicial politics.
Courts Without Borders: Law, Politics, and U.S. Extraterritoriality Cambridge University Press, 2016
Courts without Borders is the first book to examine the politics of judicial extraterritoriality, with a focus on the world's chief practitioner: the United States. For much of the post-World War II era, the United States has been a frequent yet selective regulator of activities outside its territory, and US federal courts are often on the front line in deciding the extraterritorial reach of US law. At stake in these jurisdiction battles is the ability to bring the regulatory power of the United States to bear on transnational disputes in ways that other states frequently dislike both in principle and in practice. This volume proposes a general theory of domestic court behavior to explain variation in extraterritorial enforcement of US law, emphasizing how the strategic behavior of private actors is important to mobilizing courts and in directing their activities.
Selected Articles and Book Chapters:
International Law and Voter Preferences: The Case of Foreign Human Rights Violations (with Jacob Shapiro) Human Rights Review (forthcoming)
Design in Context: Existing International Agreements and New Cooperation (with Mark Copelovitch) International Organization Vol. 68, No. 2 (Spring 2014)
Courts Without Borders: Domestic Sources of U.S. Extraterritoriality in the Regulatory Sphere International Organization Vol. 63, No. 3 (Summer 2009)
State Militarism and Its Legacies: Why Military Reform Has Failed in Russia (with Alexander Golts) International Security Vol. 29, No. 2 (Fall 2004)
Human Rights and Sustainable Peace In Stephan J. Stedman, Donald Rothchild and Elizabeth Cousins eds. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements Lynne Rienner (2002)
Work in Progress:
Legal Layering and Substitution in Treaty Memberships (under review)
Disentangling Rule Enforcement and Rule Elaboration in International Dispute Resolution
Mutating Treaty Obligations in International Law
Looking for Constraint in All the Wrong Places (with Alex Downes)
Not Our Business: Examining the Effects of Cutting Off U.S. Court Jurisdiction for Extraterritorial Human Rights Claims